Give injections to your dog
Give injections to your dog
Dog owners are called upon more frequently today to give injections to their pets. Injections are given under the skin (subcutaneous) or in the muscle (intramuscular).When drawing up the medication from a vial, inject the amount of air into the vial that you will give in the injection (i.e. 3cc's). Then draw up the medication and it will easily go into the syringe. (If you need to mix injectible medication, please consult with your veterinarian for the proper procedure).
- Your veterinarian may have you giving an intramuscular injection for a specific condition. Instructions on giving injections by this route should first be demonstrated by your veterinarian.
- In giving your dog an intramuscular injection, use the rear location of a rear leg between the hip and the knee (refer to picture). You want to give the shot directly into the muscle.
- Don't be afraid to use a quick, swift motion with your wrist. If you slowly inject the needle it will cause more discomfort to your dog.
- Be sure to aspirate to make certain you are not in a blood vessel.
- This means that you draw up on the needle instead of pushing the medication into the dog.
- If you are in a blood vessel, there will be blood in the syringe and you can see it in the medication that is in the syringe.
- You need to remove the syringe and try another area close to the one that you have just chosen if this is the case.
- The subcutaneous injections are most frequently used to give a variety of biological or chemical products.
- These are the safest types of injections with the least chance of injury to the dog.
- The size of the syringe and needle is selected based on the product injected.
- Your veterinarian will tell you which size to use.
- Subcutaneous injections are usually given into the skin on the back of your dog below the collar area.
- Simply pull up some skin on the upper back below the collar with your hand, find an area you want to inject and with a quick motion, dart the needle into the skin.
- Aspirate first and then inject the medication.
- Again if you aspirate blood withdraw and find another spot in the general vicinity.
- After injecting, take the needle hub off of the syringe and discard separately into containers.
- Wrapping the parts of a needle and syringe in paper towels and placing in containers when discarding is a good idea so they are not visible to others.
Some of the possible reasons to give injections are listed below:
- Insulin to diabetic dogs
- Allergy injections for atopy (inhalant allergic dermatitis)
- Vaccinations (for kennels and people not located near a veterinarian)
- Epinephrine to dogs very sensitive to bee stings
- Antibiotics given to dogs that cannot take anything orallyRemember when you get the product and the syringe, keep them sterile by not allowing them to come into contact with anything but the air before they are used.
- If you don't feel comfortable with these procedures, ask your veterinarian to give you instructions.
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